Between Cosmopolis and Apology: Kant’s Dynamic and Embedded Religious Cosmopolitanism

Georg Cavallar

Abstract


Kant’s religious cosmopolitanism is Janus-faced: it oscillates between a dynamic understanding of religious progress in world history focusing on a rational understanding of moral faith on the one hand and a defence of the Christian religion as the best path to reach the vocation of the human species on the other. According to Kant, the Christian churches are historically indispensable in the evolution of the moral predispositions and religious convictions of the human species, and in the process of cultivating a critically disciplined moral religion. This essay highlights the tension between a rational understanding of moral faith and an embedded approach that winds up with an apology of Christianity.

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